Major Depression

Understanding the Different Types of Depression

Although most of us are familiar with the term "depression", many people are unfamiliar with the fact that not all cases of depression are the same. Treatment therefore depends in large part on the type of symptoms you exhibit.

Major Depression

Major depression is the most common form of the illness. This form is also referred to as clinical depression or unipolar disorder. Patients that suffer from this form of depression usually exhibit a depressed mood for most of the day, particularly in the morning. This can also affect any age group, however it is often untreated in older adults and children. Treatment will vary depending on the experiences and behaviour of the patient. This is the most common form of the illness and studies have indicated that differing cultures or socioeconomic classes experience the same prevalence of this form.

Feelings of low self worth and a lack of motivation are very common signs of this form of depression.

Chronic Depression

Chronic depression is less severe than major depression. Although the symptoms may last for a long period of time, the symptoms are generally less severe and characterized by a chronically low mood. Although the exact cause of chronic depression is unknown, it is an illness that occurs in women more often than men. Some symptoms include low levels of energy or fatigue. Patients often exhibit a pessimistic outlook on life, however, they do not exhibit suicidal tendencies.

Major Depression

Bipolar Disorder

This form is often referred to as manic depression because the illness is characterized by dramatic mood swings. It is a very serious form of depression because patients can exhibit sleeplessness which can last for days, hallucinations and paranoid rage. It is believed to be a complex genetic disorder that persists throughout a person's lifetime. However, symptoms usually become apparent between the ages of 15 to 24.

Seasonal Depression (SAD)

Seasonal depression is a mood disorder that occurs each year during certain months. Although this illness is more common during the winter months, it can also occur during the summer as well. This is known as "summer depression". Experts believe that this form of depression is caused by hormonal changes at certain times of the year.

Since many forms of depression exist, it is important to undergo tests at a depression treatment center or a physician's office.